India is a multi-hazard prone country, be it natural or anthropogenic. According to NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority), 80% of India’s geographical area is vulnerable to disasters of different kinds. The intensity and frequency of disasters over the years are increasing resulting in larger number of people losing their lives, livelihoods, property and people becoming homeless, orphaned.

Foundation For Development Action works with vulnerable communities to build resilience, foster adaptability, respond to and manage disaster risks effectively at local level by enhancing community and institutional capacities.

Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)

FDA implemented Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) programme at Munroethuruthu in Kollam and Peringara in Pathanamthitta districts under ‘GoI-UNDP Project on Enhancing Institutional and Community Resilience to Disasters and Climate Change 2013-17’, with support from Kerala State Disaster Management Authority (KSDMA).

FDA conducted consultation meetings with people’s representatives and officials of Grampanchayat, Revenue and Disaster Management department and other key persons in the villages to share objectives and end results of the intervention. Vulnerable areas of the Grampanchayat were made into zones and community level awareness and sensitization meetings were organised, Village Disaster Management Committees (VDMC) and Emergency Response Teams (ETR’s) namely; Search and Rescue; First Aid and Shelter Management were formed and specialised hand-on trainings were imparted to village volunteers in their respective domains. Mapping exercises using Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) tools were adopted to prepare Resource Map, Hazard Map and Evacuation Map with people’s participation. Participatory Capacity Vulnerability Assessment was conducted in the Grampanchayat to understand in detail and depth of hazards and vulnerabilities that exists in the village and what capacities are needed to minimize risks. As part of the intervention, Village Disaster Management Plans were prepared and has been submitted to District Disaster Management Authorities of Kollam and Pathanamthitta for approval.

Disaster Management Plan of SOS Children’s Village Thrissur, Kerala, India

The devastating earthquake which hit the Himalayan nation of Nepal on 25th April 2015, caused heavy casualties by killing more than 8,659 people and injuring 21,952 plus people. This disaster triggered Save Our Soul (SOS) International to think and initiate Disaster Risk Reduction programmes in all SOS villages with the objective to ensure safety and security of children living in moderate and high risk earthquake zones.

FDA helped SOS Children’s Village, Thrissur in preparing their Campus Disaster Management Plan in a participatory manner. Children, mothers and staffs were trained in earthquake risk mitigation and fire hazards. Children were formed into various groups and were trained to conduct ‘Hazard Hunt’ for identifying factors of hazards and vulnerabilities of their campus. Resource/Social Map; Hazard Map and Evacuation Map were prepared by children themselves by using Participatory Learning Action tool.